Here’s a breakdown of the nutritional value of Millets:
1. Nutritional Content That Makes Millet A Superfood
As per the Indian Institute of Millets Research (IIMR), Millets are nutritionally superior to other grains, it contains a high number of proteins, essential amino acids, minerals, and vitamins. IIMR states that Millets contain:
– 7-12 per cent protein
– 2-5 per cent fat
– 65-75 per cent carbohydrates
– 15-20 per cent dietary fibre
– Finger millet (Ragi) is the richest source of calcium, it contains around 300-350 mg/100 g
IIMR also adds that Millets are also a natural source of iron, zinc, calcium, and other nutrients that are essential for curbing the problem of malnutrition, which is highly prevalent in India.
2. Consuming Millets Improve Digestive System
According to the Food Safety and Standard Authority of India (FSSAI), Millets have a high amount of dietary fibre, therefore, it often acts as a “prebiotic,” which means it supports good bacteria in your digestive system. FSSAI also states that dietary fibre is also important for adding bulk to stools, which helps keep you regular ((MEANING?)) and reduces your risk of colon cancer.
3. Millets Are Good For Your Skin
According to IIMR, along with the nutritional properties, Millets have a higher content of niacin, which helps the body manage more than 400 enzyme reactions. Niacin is also very important for healthy skin and organ function.
4. Millets Help Fight Diseases
Food Security and Standard Authority of India adds that millets can help prevent cardiovascular diseases as millet consumption decreases triglycerides and C. Millets are also known for preventing Type 2 diabetes and reducing blood pressure.
5. Millets Control Blood Sugar
IIMR states that Millets contain slow-releasing glucose and are low in glycemic index. According to experts, this is a very important factor in fighting the global problem of diabetes. IIMR also adds that it is well recognized that the incidence of diabetes mellitus and gastrointestinal tract-related disorders are minimal among the population using Millet grains as a staple food.
6. Millets Protect Your Heart
As per IIMR, The fibre present in Millet helps reduce the amount of “bad” cholesterol in the blood. Secondly, the fibre helps in absorbing cholesterol, allowing it to be safely carried out of your system. Some studies have shown that consuming Millet regularly can also raise your “good” cholesterol levels and lower triglycerides.
Now, because cholesterol is a big risk factor for heart disease, eating Millet indirectly helps keep your heart healthy.
7. Millets Are Also Good For The Planet
Apart from all these health benefits of the crop, Millet is also tagged as a ‘Smart Crop’ as there are advantages loaded in its favour such as low-maintenance, disease, pest resistance, and ecological benefits, states International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics. It also adds that Millet is known as C4 crop as they have higher efficiency in absorbing and utilizing carbon dioxide.
It also adds that most varieties of Millet are well known for their hardiness and have the capacity to withstand prolonged periods of drought, and high temperatures and still produce grains and fodder.